Rome is the Eternal City, remaining today a political capital, a religious center and a memorial to the creative imagination of the past. Rome rose to fame as the source of Christianity and eventually regained its power and wealth and re-established itself as a place of beauty, a source of learning, and a capital of the arts.
The ancient center of Rome is divided into 22 rioni (districts), the names of which date mostly from the classical period, while surrounding it are 35 quartieri urbani (urban sectors) which began to be officially absorbed by the municipality after 1911. Within the city limits on the western and north-western fringes are six major suburbs (suburbs).
Best Time To Visit
Rome has one of the highest tourist attractions in the world, so it pays to carefully choose the dates of your trip. The best time to visit Rome is between April and June, or September through October. Almost the entire city goes on vacation in August, so plan a trip accordingly. Note that traveling too late or too early in the year can be risky as most tourist attractions are closed or open for limited hours.
Rome has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and cold, wet winters. Rome, the capital of Italy, sits on the Tiber in the Lazio region, in the west-central part of the Italian peninsula.
Summers are hot in Rome and the average high temperature reaches up to 27.8 ° C (82 ° F) at the peak of August. Winters are cold and the average low temperature drops to 2.8 ° C (37 ° F) during the peak winter month of January. Daylight lasts 10 hours at best during the winter season, while the nights are freezing in the coldest weather. Spring and fall are mild and beautiful, with a moderate amount of rain. Mornings and evenings collect a moderate amount of dew. Snowfall is light in winter and there is rarely a build-up of snow. The average humidity is 75%, as the annual precipitation is in the order of 812.8 mm (32 “) with rainy winters. The annual sunshine in Rome is 2472 hours, the longest days in June and the shortest in December. Sea temperatures are mild and generally range between 12.8 ° C (55 ° F) and 23.9 ° C (75 ° F). The highest temperature recorded in Rome is temperature of 40.6 ° C (105.1 ° F), while the lowest recorded temperature is -11 ° C (12.2 ° F).
How To Reach
FLIGHT: The main airport is Leonardo da Vinci in Fiumicino, about 30 kilometers southwest of the city. The other airport is Ciampino, where most domestic and some international flights arrive. It is located about 15 kilometers southeast of the city. A number of airlines connect India to Rome – from Air India and Air France to British Airways and Lufthansa, you can choose a carrier to suit your budget and convenience.
Best Places To Visit
The largest structure left to us by Roman antiquity, the Colosseum still provides the model for sports arenas – the current design of the football stadium is clearly based on this Roman oval plan. The building was started by Vespasian in AD 72, and after his son Titus enlarged it by adding the fourth floor, it was inaugurated in AD 80 with a series of splendid games. The Colosseum was large enough for theatrical performances, festivals, circuses or games, which the imperial court and high officials watched from the lowest level, the aristocratic Roman families in the second, the population in the third and fourth.
- Timings: The Colosseum is open daily from 08:30 AM until an hour before sunset. Closing hours vary depending on the time of year.
- Best Time to Visit the Colosseum: The best time to visit the Colosseum would be between November to February.
- Entry Fees: The Colosseum Tickets for adults cost 12 euros. There is a reduced fee for EU-citizens aged between 18 and 25. Teenagers and children under 18, as well as handicapped persons and their assistant are free.
Vatican City is the smallest fully independent nation state in the world. Its medieval and Renaissance walls form its limits except to the south-east of St. Peter’s Square (Piazza San Pietro). Of the six entrances, only three – the square, the arch of the bells in the facade of St. Peter’s Basilica and the entrance to the Vatican Museums and Galleries in the north wall – are open to the public.
- Timings: Monday – Saturday: 9am – 6pm (Ticket office closes at 4pm). Sunday: Closed except the last Sunday of each month: 9am – 2pm. (Ticket office closes at midday, 12:30pm).
- Best Time to Visit: High Season: April to September
Low Season: October to March
- Entry Fees: The Vatican Museums and Sistine Chapel cost approximately 15 Euros ($19, 12 pounds) and St. Peter’s Dome is approximately 6 Euros ($6.4, 4.8 pounds).
The Pantheon was rebuilt after fire damage in 80 AD, and the resulting masonry shows the extraordinarily high technical mastery of the Roman builders. Its 43-meter dome, the supreme achievement of Roman interior architecture, hangs without visible supports – these are well hidden inside the walls – and its nine-meter central opening is the building’s only source of light. The harmonious effect of the interior is the result of its proportions: the height is the same as the diameter. Although the first Christian emperors banned the use of this pagan temple for worship, in 609 Pope Boniface IV dedicated it to the Virgin and all Christian martyrs, and since then it has become the burial place of Italian kings (Victor Emmanuel II is in the second niche on the right) and other famous Italians, including the painter Raphael.
- Timings: Monday – Saturday: 8:30am – 7:30pm (last entry 7:15 pm), Sunday: 9am – 6pm (last entry 5:45 pm), 1st May (national holiday): 9 am to 6 pm (last entry 5:45 pm)
- Entry Fees: free
- Best Time to Visit: full year
The Trevi Fountain is a fountain in the Trevi district of Rome, Italy, designed by Italian architect Nicola Salvi and completed by Giuseppe Pannini and several others. At 26.3 meters high and 49.15 meters wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world.
- Best Time to Visit: This historic site is very crowded between the hours of 12 pm – 7 pm, so you might try to visit either before or after that time period. Visitors indicate that the fountain is usually cleaned early on weekday mornings at sometime between the hours of 6 am – 10 am.
- Entry Fees: free
Centro Storico & the Spanish Steps
It is a great place to sit and enjoy the atmosphere and the view of the Eternal City. The Steps are a vast, irregular gathering place made up of 138 steps set in a mixture of curves, straight flights, views and terraces. They connect the lower Piazza di Spagna with the upper Trinita dei Monti square, with its beautiful double-tower church dominating the skyline.
- timings: The steps can be visited from as early as 7 am in the morning to as late as 8 pm in the evening.
- Best Time to Visit: the best time to explore the site in peace happen to be: Morning: The morning opening hours, between 7 am-9 am is considered the best time for visiting this special attraction in Rome.
- Entry fees: free
Best Places To Eat
- My list of Cheap Rome Restaurants for dinner
- My list of Cheap Rome Restaurants for lunch
Pro Loco Pinciano:
The Pro Loco Pinciano looks a bit like your stylish Italian friends’ vacation home, made entirely of brick and stone, with an open deli filled with cheese and jars of local jam, as well as large prosciutto hams hanging from the ceiling. That’s not all for the show: when you order a martini, the bartender garnishes it with a slice of prosciutto. As for the menu, there’s something for everyone, including crispy pizzas, bowls of chewy ravioli, and platters of thinly sliced cold cuts.
There is no place in Rome like Lanificio, a bar, restaurant and creative workspace all in one. The menu is a prime example: combinations that shouldn’t work, like salmon with buffalo mozzarella, sort of. Much thought has gone into every dish here, which just like the wine list covers the whole country. The fried octopus antipasto is a must, as is the quail served with taleggio cheese and soft polenta. Smart pairings work wonders, like the twist on Rome’s traditional cacio e pepe pasta, which they served here with sprinkles and a squeeze of lime.
Best Places To Stay
Best area for nightlife: Trastevere
Trastevere is one of the liveliest areas of Rome. Its colorful alleys are teeming with bars and cafes, and every night it buzzes with activity as crowds of locals and tourists gather to enjoy the party atmosphere. (Hotel Santa Maria is one of the area’s most magical places to stay.) Back on the river, the historic center is home to plenty of after-hours activities, from designer bars to laid-back neighborhood cafes passing through the meeting places in the square. For a more alternative scene, head to studenty San Lorenzo, or Pigneto, a trendy bar center east of Termini Station.
Best neighborhood for local vibe: San Giovanni
Just outside the center, San Giovanni offers a slice of authentic Rome. Its main attraction is the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, but the area is as much its shops, neighborhood markets and popular restaurants as it is its sights. A short walk from the Colosseum, Monti is a cool neighborhood with a bohemian village feel. It has become very trendy in recent years, but still retains something of a local vibe.
Via Dei Condotti
- Via dei Condotti is a busy and fashionable street of Rome, Italy. In Roman times it was one of the streets that crossed the ancient Via Flaminia and enabled people who transversed the Tiber to reach the Pincio hill.
Opening time: Mon – Sun: 9:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m.
Via Del Corso
If you intend to hit the shops big time, whilst in Rome, there’s really no better place than Via del Corso. Those who wants for a slightly higher price tag may head to high-end stores like Sisley, Miss Sixty, or Diesel, while sporty people go to Nike, Adidas, Puma and Lacoste. For all your beauty needs, visit Sephora, MAC or Kiko Cosmetics. If you’re looking to invest in Italian leather, head to Gazelle, one of Rome’s most trusted leather goods brands. There is also a new AS Roma store open since 2016, and Galleria Alberto Sordi – a large shopping center in the center. Besides the flagship supermarkets, you will also find small family shops, including real little gems, like the Alfieri Leather store with handmade Made in Italy jackets.
Timings: It opens every day from 10 am to 10 pm.
Via Cola Di Rienzo
Via Cola di Rienzo, the main thoroughfare that cuts through Rome’s commercial Prati neighborhood, is one of the best streets for leisurely shopping in the city. It’s less crowded than Via Corso but still has a great mix of Italian and international name-brand stores interspersed with local shops.
Timings: 10 a.m to 8 p.m
Via Dei Coronari
Via dei Coronari is a street in the historic center of Rome. The road, flanked by buildings mostly erected in the 15th and the 16th century, belongs entirely to the rione Ponte and is one of the most picturesque roads of the old city, having maintained the character of an Italian Renaissance street.
Timings: All days of the week open 9:30 AM – 8:00 PM
Via Del Boschetto
Via del Boschetto is packed with top-notch boutiques, artisans and ateliers, selling everything from hip clothing to handcrafted jewelry to vintage bags.
Timings: 9.30 a.m to 9 p.m