The study assesses world peace through three filters: safety and security in society, the extent of the ongoing national or international conflict, and the degree of militarization. The researchers looked at 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators to determine the scores, including the number of victims of terrorism and conflict in this country, the number of murders per capita, and the ratio of military spending to gross domestic product. Here the list of some world famous peaceful countries.

1. Iceland

Iceland remains the most peaceful country in the world, according to the Global Peace Index. Iceland saw a slight deterioration in peace this time around, however, due to a deterioration in the homicide rate and a slight increase in military spending. However, the country’s score on these two indicators remains much more peaceful than the world average. Iceland is a unique place with a strong yet sensible character. Its people are somewhat similar, a bit rugged yet very friendly. Luckily, Iceland is not inhabited by mosquitoes, ticks, bears, snakes, poisonous spiders or any kind of other hazardous animals. You can roam around the highlands in berry season. The crime rate in Iceland is very low. Being an island in the middle of the Atlantic ocean there are no pollution sources but our own. The president himself rejected a modification of his vehicle to be bullet-proof–there was simply no risk to his personal safety and it comes at a huge cost! The strict driving regulations in Iceland are yet another overlooked aspect contributing to the overall safety of its citizens and visitors alike. There are no highways in Iceland–the fastest you can possibly drive is 90 kmph (55.9 mph) and if you can travel at that speed, it means you are outside of town. 

2. New Zealand

New Zealand has been ranked the second most peaceful country in the world. According to the Global Peace Index (GPI) 2011, the only country more peaceful than New Zealand is Iceland. The GPI ranks countries according to their “absence of violence”. It takes into account many factors, including levels of violent crime, the potential for terrorism, political stability and the number of wars fought. “New Zealand maintained or improved its scores in 22 out of 23 indicators, but deteriorated in the impact of terrorism because of the 15 March 2019 white-nationalist terror attack on two mosques in Christchurch, in which 50 people were killed,” said the GPI. “Improvements in five other indicators across all three domains helped New Zealand maintain its rank as the second most peaceful country in the world,” read the report.  Scoring almost perfect marks in the domains of domestic and international conflict, militarization and societal safety, is widely considered a wonderful country to live in. At around the same size as the United Kingdom but with a population of less than 4.9 million people, New Zealand ranks at the top in health status and above the average among OECD members when it comes to education, jobs and earnings.

3. Austria

The safety score calculated by Global Finance goes beyond the usual metrics of violent crime and weighs three factors – war and peace, personal security, and the risk of natural disaster – by combining the data of the Global Peace Index and the World Economic Forum. Over half of Austria’s indicators remain unchanged, and despite improvements in UN Peacekeeping funding, weapons exports and a reduced terrorism impact, one particular deterioration led to a slight downfall. A commitment to human rights and freedom are key characteristics of peaceful countries,a claim supported by very strong correlations with several indexes measuring human rights. Also important are societal attitudes towards fellow citizens, minorities, ethnic groups, genders and foreigners. In Europe, the average free flow of information measure dropped 5%, with each country that got worse in this category deteriorating by an average of 10%. Austria was one of the few countries to buck this trend, improving their score on the measure by 5.6%.

 4. Denmark

Denmark has maintained its very peaceful position since 2017. Over the last year, Denmark recorded a very small deterioration in peacefulness, due to an increase in weapons imports and number of external conflicts. Positively, there were 24 European countries, including Denmark, which enjoyed a reduction in the impact of terrorism. Denmark was one of the five European countries to deteriorate in freedom in life satisfaction and recorded a slight deterioration in the standard of living satisfaction. It has been found out that the existence of peace in any place is corelated to income and schooling, factors in which Denmark both scores high in. Peaceful countries are also said to have the benefit of a transparent government and low incidence of corruption and the Danish government has continuously exhibited its strength in this aspect. The number of refugees or displaced persons are likewise considered in determining the ranking. Ranking therefore is based on how countries conduct their internal and external affairs not only in areas that affect their citizens and residents but also their neighbors.

5. Slovenia

Slovenia will also catch the fancy of the fair sex members. In the global ranking on the observance of women’s rights compiled by American scientists from the Institute for Women, Peace and Security (Georgetown), Slovenia ranks 4th out of 152 countries. Such criteria as the justice system, safety, and the integration of women into public life are taken into account. It is easy for foreign students to adapt in Slovenia. The proximity of cultures against the background of widespread friendliness, calm and a high level of law and order make your stay in this country comfortable. Hungary, Slovenia and Moldova rank in the top five for demilitarisation, as the long-term trend of falling militarisation continues, with falls in both military expenditure as a percentage of GDP, and the size of armies around the world. However, these improvements were offset by deteriorations in perceptions of criminality and incarceration.

 

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